Towards a complete classification of the Neotropical thorny catfishes (Siluriformes: Doradidae)

Mark Henry Sabaj1 and Mariangeles Arce H.1

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TABLE 1​


List of taxa, voucher specimens and DNA sequences analyzed. *Denotes individuals sequenced in Arce H. et al. (2013). Museum codes follow Sabaj (2020). Sequence data published by Sullivan et al. (2006) for voucher ANSP 180476. Sequence data submitted to GenBank by Heok Hee Ng (2006) for voucher ANSP 180476 (tag 4515) from an unpublished study. Sequence data published by Nakatani et al. (2011); no voucher data. Genus assignment based on Calegari et al. (2019). Questionably a junior synonym of Hemidoras boulengeri (Steindachner, 1915).

Higher-level classification

Voucher data

 

 

 

GenBank
Accession No.

SUBORDER: Superfamily

 

Family

Terminal taxon

Voucher museum
and catalog
no. when available

Voucher tag or other identifier

ANSP
tissue
reference
number

Country

Basin:
Sub-basins

rag 1

CO1

16S

DIPLOMYSTOIDEI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diplomystidae Eigenmann, 1890

Diplomystes nahuelbutaensis Arratia, 1987

ANSP 180476

4515

t499

Chile

Bio Bio: Laja

DQ492574.1a

EF014945.1b

AP012011c

SILUROIDEI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cetopsidae Bleeker, 1858

Cetopsis coecutiens (Lichtenstein, 1819)

ANSP 182760

P6118

t1883

Peru

Amazon

MF489619

MF489362

MF489296

Helogenes marmoratus Günther, 1863

INHS 49125

T426

t13700

Guyana

Demerara

DQ492586

MT355999

SILUROIDEI: Aspredinoidea

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aspredinidae Adams, 1854

Amaralia hypsiura (Kner, 1855)

ANSP 197607

t4103

t11334

Brazil

Amazon: Xingu: Jarauaçu

MF489532

KT820068

MF489323

Aspredinichthys tibicen (Valenciennes, 1840)

ROM 87369

T08362

Guyana

Moruka: Barima-Waini

MF489538

MF489354

MF489281

*Aspredo aspredo (Linnaeus, 1758)

ANSP 191475

CALH 205

t2094

Brazil

Amazon: Trombetas

KC555595

KC555853

Bunocephalus coracoideus (Cope, 1874)

LBP 6974

34015

Brazil

Amazon: Negro

MF489337

MF489425

MF489337

Ernstichthys megistus (Orcés V., 1961)

AUM 57485

t10371

Peru

Amazon: Madeira: Madre de Dios

MF489590

MF489380

MF489325

Pseudobunocephalus iheringii (Boulenger, 1891)

MCP 23009

JAC007

Brazil

Laguna dos Patos

MF489596

MF489373

MF489342

*Pseudobunocephalus rugosus (Eigenmann & Kennedy, 1903)

ANSP 185102

A5067

t2091

Argentina

Paraná: Guayquiraro

KC555830

KC555682

KC555935

Pterobunocephalus depressus (Haseman, 1911)

ANSP 180019

T2330

t11064

Guyana

Amazon: Negro: Branco

MF489604

MF489436

MF489286

*Xyliphius sofiae Sabaj, Carvalho & Reis, 2017

ANSP 182322

P6291

t1513

Peru

Amazon

KC555831

KU736764

KC555965

Auchenipteridae Bleeker, 1862

Ageneiosus inermis (Linnaeus, 1766)

ANSP 181020

A5026

t4815

Argentina

Paraná: Guayquiraro

MT431627

MT712791

MT356000

*Ageneiosus inermis (Linnaeus, 1766)

ANSP 189090

6996

t1519

Suriname

Maroni: Litanie

KC555823

KC555843

Ageneiosus magoi Castillo & Brull G., 1989

ANSP 198873

t4781

t12994

Venezuela

Orinoco: Apure

MT431626

MT712792

MT356001

Ageneiosus militaris Valenciennes, 1835

ANSP 182423

A5031

t4812

Argentina

Paraná: Guayquiraro

MT671303

MT712793

MT356002

Ageneiosus pardalis Lütken, 1874

CZUT 11755

59

t13295

Colombia

Atrato

MT671304

MT712794

MT356003

Ageneiosus pardalis Lütken, 1874

CZUT 11856

35

t13294

Colombia

Atrato

MT671305

MT708514

MT356004

Ageneiosus ucayalensis Castelnau, 1855

ROM 83897

T04098

t13902

Guyana

Essequibo: Mazaruni

MT671306

MT712795

MT356005

*Ageneiosus ucayalensis Castelnau, 1855

INHS 52920

26669

t4932

Peru

Amazon: Napo

DQ492540

EU490849

unpublished

Ageneiosus uranophthalmus Ribeiro & Rapp Py-Daniel, 2010

ANSP 188784

P4904

t9901

Venezuela

Amazon: Negro: Casiquiare

MT671307

MT712796

MT356007

Auchenipterichthys coracoideus (Eigenmann & Allen, 1942)

ANSP 182589

P6302

t1787

Peru

Amazon: Nanay

MT712797

MT356008

Auchenipterus dentatus Valenciennes, 1840

ANSP 189102

7032

t2298

Suriname

Maroni: Litanie

MT671308

MT712798

MT356009

*Auchenipterus nigripinnis (Boulenger, 1895)

ANSP 182418

A5053

t2090

Argentina

Paraná: Guayquiraro

KC555824

KC555598

KC555856

Balroglanis schultzi (Rössel, 1962)

ANSP 193030

B2120

t5906

Brazil

Amazon: Xingu

MT671309

MT712799

MT356010

*Centromochlus heckelii (De Filippi, 1853)

ANSP 182773

CALH –

Brazil

Amazon

DQ492465

MT356011

Centromochlus heckelii (De Filippi, 1853)

ANSP 182253

P6114

t1881

Peru

Amazon

MT712800

MT356012

Duringlanis perugiae (Steindachner, 1882) d

ANSP 180565

t4812

t1165

Peru

Amazon: Madeira: Madre de Dios

MT711301

MT712801

MT356013

Epapterus dispilurus Cope, 1878

INHS 54692

26896

t4938

Peru

Amazon

MT671310

MT712802

MT356014

*Gelanoglanis sp. “Madre de Dios”

ANSP 180806

P4074

t1174

Peru

Amazon: Madeira: Madre de Dios

KC555825

KC555612

KC555870

*Gephyromochlus leopardus (Hoedeman, 1961)

ANSP 189104

7034

t2089

Suriname

Maroni: Litanie

KC555826

KC555613

KC555871

*Liosomadoras oncinus (Jardine, 1841)

ANSP 191102

BO6148

t2087

Venezuela

Orinoco

KC555827

KC555638

KC555894

Pseudepapterus hasemani (Steindachner, 1915)

ANSP 178311

1577

t1701

Peru

Amazon

MT712803

MT356015

Tetranematichthys wallacei Vari & Ferraris, 2006

ANSP 197097

T09068

t10358

Venezuela

Orinoco: Parhueña

MT671311

MT712804

MT356016

Tocantinsia piresi (Miranda Ribeiro, 1920)

INPA 38058

B2110

t5896

Brazil

Amazon: Xingu

MT711295

MT712805

MT356017

*Trachelyopterus galeatus (Linnaeus, 1766)

INHS 49034

T401

t13698

Guyana

Mahaica

DQ492634

EU490848

JX899742

Trachelyopterus galeatus (Linnaeus, 1766)

ANSP 191120

7599

t4454

Venezuela

Orinoco: Ventuari

MT671312

MT356018

Trachycorystes trachycorystes (Valenciennes, 1840)

ANSP 179152

t206

Guyana

Essequibo: Rupununi

MT671313

MT356019

*Trachycorystes trachycorystes (Valenciennes, 1840)

ANSP 180820

V121

t1514

Venezuela

Orinoco: Ventuari

KC555829

KC555697

KC555950

Tympanopleura atronasus (Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1888)

ANSP 178307

1565

t1689

Peru

Amazon

MT671314

MT712806

MT356020

Tympanopleura longipinna Walsh, Ribeiro & Rapp Py-Daniel, 2015

ANSP 178310

1563

t632

Peru

Amazon

MT671315

MT712807

MT356021

Tympanopleura longipinna Walsh, Ribeiro & Rapp Py-Daniel, 2015

ANSP 178310

1564

t1691

Peru

Amazon

MT671316

MT712808

MT356022

Tympanopleura piperatus Eigenmann, 1912

ROM 86042

T06991

t13904

Guyana

Essequibo: Rupununi

MT671317

MT712809

MT356023

Tympanopleura rondoni (Miranda Ribeiro, 1914)

ANSP 194014

t9689

Brazil

Amazon: Purus

MT671318

MT712810

MT356024

Doradidae Bleeker, 1858

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acanthodoras cataphractus (Linnaeus, 1758)

ANSP 179854

2023

t1587

Guyana

Essequibo: Rupununi

MT671319

MT712811

MT356025

*Acanthodoras sp. “deep scute” (sensu Arce H. et al., 2013)

LBP 4441

24313

t1786

Brazil

Amazon: Negro

KC555714

KC555580

KC555837

*Acanthodoras sp. “deep scute” (sensu Arce H. et al., 2013)

AUM 43737

V5211

t2150

Venezuela

Amazon: Negro: Casiquiare

KC555712

KC555577

KC555834

*Acanthodoras sp. “deep scute” (sensu Arce H. et al., 2013)

AUM 44128

V5306

t2151

Venezuela

Orinoco: Atabapo

KC555713

KC555578

KC555835

*Acanthodoras sp. “deep scute” (sensu Arce H. et al., 2013)

ANSP 182240

V177

t788

Venezuela

Orinoco: Ventuari

KC555711

KC555576

KC555833

*Acanthodoras sp. “shallow scute” (sensu Arce H. et al. 2013)

ANSP 191096

7602

t2088

Venezuela

Orinoco: Ventuari

KC555832

KC555579

KC555836

*Agamyxis albomaculatus (Peters, 1877)

LBP 3036

19176

t1780

Venezuela

Orinoco

KC555715

KC555582

KC555839

*Agamyxis albomaculatus (Peters, 1877)

INHS 54563

MH288/GM794

t11293

Venezuela

Orinoco: Apure

KC555716

KC555581

KC555838

*Agamyxis pectinifrons (Cope, 1870)

INHS 43281

t2145

Peru

Amazon: Itaya

KC555717

KC555583

KC555840

*Agamyxis pectinifrons (Cope, 1870)

INHS 52017

26733

t2147

Peru

Amazon: Itaya

KC555718

KC555584

KC555841

*Agamyxis pectinifrons (Cope, 1870)

INHS 52017

26732

t2146

Peru

Amazon: Itaya

KC555719

KC555585

KC555842

*Amblydoras affinis (Kner, 1855)

ANSP 179797

2157

t727

Guyana

Essequibo: Rupununi

KC555720

KC555586

KC555844

*Amblydoras nauticus (Cope, 1874)

ANSP 182525

P6021

t671

Peru

Amazon: Nanay

KC555722

KC555590

KC555848

*Amblydoras nheco Higuchi, Birindelli, Sousa & Britski, 2007

ANSP 187416

7328

t14841

Brazil

Paraná: Paraguai

KC555724

KC555642

KC555897

*Amblydoras sp. “bold pattern”

ANSP 191474

078

t2092

Peru

Amazon: Nanay

KC555723

KC555588

KC555846

*Amblydoras sp. “small eye”

ANSP 191473

155

t2093

Peru

Amazon: Nanay

KC555721

KC555589

KC555847

*Anadoras grypus (Cope, 1872)

ANSP 179473

T2465

t639

Peru

Amazon: Itaya

KC555725

KC555591

KC555849

*Anadoras sp. “Araguaia” (sensu Sousa, 2010)

MZUSP 89108

CBE08

t9499

Brazil

Amazon: Tocantins: Araguaia

KC555726

KC555850

*Anadoras weddellii (Castelnau, 1855)

MZUSP 103567

49

t14849

Brazil

 

KC555727

KC555592

KC555851

*Anduzedoras oxyrhynchus (Valenciennes, 1821)

ANSP 191093

t4459

Venezuela

Orinoco: Atabapo

KC555728

KC555594

KC555852

*Anduzedoras oxyrhynchus (Valenciennes, 1821)

ANSP 180293

V111

t784

Venezuela

Orinoco: Ventuari

DQ492547

KC555593

MT356026

*Astrodoras asterifrons (Kner, 1853)

INPA 34100

t1907

Brazil

Amazon: Negro

KC555729

KC555597

KC555855

*Astrodoras sp. (sensu Roa-Fuentes et al., 2010)

INPA 24660

ARI 68

t1532

Brazil

Amazon: Madeira: Atininga

KC555730

KC555596

KC555854

Centrochir birindellii (Sousa, Santana, Akama, Zuanon & Sabaj, 2018)

ANSP 193073

B2160

t5952

Brazil

Amazon: Xingu

MT712812

MT356027

Centrochir birindellii (Sousa, Santana, Akama, Zuanon & Sabaj, 2018)

ANSP 199617

B1986

t5779

Brazil

Amazon: Xingu

MT671320

MT712813

MT356028

*Centrochir crocodili (Humboldt, 1821)

ANSP 189332

C001

t1595

Colombia

Magdalena

KC555731

KC555599

KC555861

*Centrochir crocodili (Humboldt, 1821)

ANSP 189332

C005

t1596

Colombia

Magdalena

KC555732

KC555600

KC555857

*Centrodoras brachiatus (Cope, 1872)

ANSP 178542

CALH 50

t1499

Brazil

Amazon

KC555733

KC555601

KC555858

Centrodoras brachiatus (Cope, 1872)

ANSP 197594

t4244

t11870

Brazil

Amazon: Xingu

MT671321

MT712814

MT356029

*Centrodoras hasemani (Steindachner, 1915)

ANSP 185027

CALH 188

t1500

Brazil

Amazon: Negro

KC555735

KC555603

KC555860

*Centrodoras hasemani (Steindachner, 1915)

ANSP 182227

P4844

t797

Venezuela

Amazon: Negro: Casiquiare

KC555734

KC555602

KC555859

Doraops zuloagai Schultz, 1944

ANSP 205981

t8277

t14621

Colombia

Maracaibo: Catatumbo

MT671322

MT712815

MT356030

*Doraops zuloagai Schultz, 1944

MCNG (field no. OC-09-006)

N020

t9497

Venezuela

Maracaibo: Santa Ana

KC555736

KC555604

KC555862

*Doras carinatus (Linnaeus, 1766)

INHS 49321

MH211/GM788

t211

Guyana

Essequibo

KC555737

KC555605

KC555863

*Doras higuchii Sabaj & Birindelli, 2008

MZUSP 96333

7279

t14836

Brazil

Amazon: Xingu: Iriri

KC555738

KC555606

KC555864

*Doras micropoeus (Eigenmann, 1912)

ANSP 187110

6932

t1518

Suriname

Maroni: Lawa

KC555607

KC555865

*Doras micropoeus (Eigenmann, 1912)

ANSP 187110

6945

t1858

Suriname

Maroni: Lawa

KC555739

KC555609

KC555867

*Doras micropoeus (Eigenmann, 1912)

ANSP 187110

6941

t1768

Suriname

Maroni: Lawa

KC555740

KC555608

KC555866

Doras phlyzakion Sabaj & Birindelli, 2008

INPA 41907

P26860/102701

t13405

Brazil

Amazon: Purus

MT711291

MT712816

MT356031

Doras phlyzakion Sabaj & Birindelli, 2008

INPA 41907

P26861/102702

t13406

Brazil

Amazon: Purus

MT671323

MT712817

MT356032

*Doras punctatus Kner, 185

ANSP 181015

A5118

t716

Argentina

Paraná

KC555788

KC555670

KC555924

*Doras punctatus Kner, 185

ANSP 187005

P6333

t1803

Peru

Amazon: Nanay

KC555789

KC555669

KC555923

*Franciscodoras marmoratus (Lütken, 1874)

MNRJ 23012

MNTI 39018

t11280

Brazil

São Francisco

KC555611

KC555869

*Franciscodoras marmoratus (Lütken, 1874)

LBP 272

4193

t11294

Brazil

São Francisco

KC555741

KC555610

KC555868

*Hassar affinis (Steindachner, 1881)

MCP 45010

P1

t1487

Brazil

Mearim

KC555742

KC555614

KC555872

Hassar gabiru Birindelli, Fayal & Wosiacki, 2011

INPA 47404

t3276

t12245

Brazil

Amazon: Xingu

MT671324

MT712818

MT356033

*Hassar orestis (Steindachner, 1875)

ANSP 181090

P6154

t662

Peru

Amazon

KC555743

KC555615

KC555873

*Hassar wilderi Kindle, 1895

MZUSP 86216

Brazil

Amazon: Tocantins: Araguaia

KC555744

KC555616

KC555874

*Hemidoras morei (Steindachner, 1881)

ANSP 183028

4570

t864

Venezuela

Amazon: Negro

KC555781

KC555659

KC555913

*Hemidoras morrisi Eigenmann, 1925 e

ANSP 182512

P6081

t687

Peru

Amazon: Nanay

KC555745

KC555617

KC555875

*Hemidoras stenopeltis (Kner, 1855)

ANSP 182756

P6241

t695

Peru

Amazon

KC555746

KC555618

KC555876

Hemidoras stuebelii (Steindachner, 1882)

ANSP 200805

t14157

Peru

Amazon

MT671325

MT356034

*Hypodoras forficulatus Eigenmann, 1925

ANSP 179009

1540

t757

Peru

Amazon: Itaya

KC555747

KC555619

KC555877

*Kalyptodoras bahiensis Higuchi, Britski & Garavello, 1990

MZUSP 87839

Brazil

Paraguaçu

KC555620

KC555878

*Kalyptodoras bahiensis Higuchi, Britski & Garavello, 1990

MZUSP 87841

Brazil

Paraguaçu

KC555621

KC555879

*Kalyptodoras bahiensis Higuchi, Britski & Garavello, 1990

MZUSP 100737

Brazil

Paraguaçu

KC555748

KC555622

KC555880

*Leptodoras acipenserinus (Günther, 1868)

ANSP 182202

P6346

t663

Peru

Amazon: Nanay

KC555749

KC555623

KC555881

Leptodoras cataniai Sabaj, 2005

ANSP 181043

P6092

t676

Peru

Amazon

MT671326

MT712819

MT356035

*Leptodoras cf. copei “Teles pires”

MZUSP 96597

7079

t14829

Brazil

Amazon: Tapajós: Teles Pires

KC555762

KC555633

KC555891

*Leptodoras cf. copei “Amazon” (sensu Arce H. et al., 2013)

ANSP 178540

CALH 149

t1501

Brazil

Amazon

KC555751

KC555625

KC555883

Leptodoras copei (Fernández-Yépez, 1968)

AUM 43243

P4303

t1508

Venezuela

Orinoco

MT671327

MT712820

MT356036

*Leptodoras copei (Fernández-Yépez, 1968)

ANSP 182225

V073

777

Venezuela

Orinoco: Ventuari

KC555752

KC555626

KC555884

*Leptodoras hasemani (Steindachner, 1915)

MZUSP 97363

7258

t2194

Brazil

Amazon: Tapajós: Jamanxim

KC555754

KC555628

KC555886

Leptodoras hasemani (Steindachner, 1915)

ANSP 199566

B1959

t5783

Brazil

Amazon: Xingu

MT712821

MT356037

Leptodoras hasemani (Steindachner, 1915)

INPA 40808

t1586

t9229

Brazil

Amazon: Xingu

MT712822

MT356038

Leptodoras hasemani (Steindachner, 1915)

ANSP 179209

2055

t726

Guyana

Essequibo: Rupununi

MT671328

MT712823

MT356039

*Leptodoras hasemani (Steindachner, 1915)

ANSP 180897

4033

t793

Venezuela

Orinoco

KC555753

KC555627

KC555885

Leptodoras hasemani (Steindachner, 1915)

AUM 43046

P4021

t794

Venezuela

Orinoco

MT671329

MT712824

MT356040

*Leptodoras juruensis Boulenger, 1898

ANSP 181046

P6090

t683

Peru

Amazon

KC555755

KC555629

KC555887

*Leptodoras linnelli Eigenmann, 1912

ANSP 179631

2093

t1585

Guyana

Essequibo

DQ492604

MT712825

MT356041

*Leptodoras linnelli Eigenmann, 1912

ANSP 179177

2433

t733

Guyana

Amazon: Negro: Branco

KC555756

KC555630

KC555888

Leptodoras linnelli Eigenmann, 1912

ANSP 180903

4602

t800

Venezuela

Amazon: Negro: Casiquiare

MT671330

MT712826

MT356042

Leptodoras linnelli Eigenmann, 1912

ANSP 180296

V103

t782

Venezuela

Orinoco: Ventuari

MT671331

MT712827

MT356043

*Leptodoras marki Birindelli & Sousa, 2010

MNRJ 33067

MNTI 2439

t11285

Brazil

Amazon: Xingu: Fresco

KC555757

KC555631

KC555889

*Leptodoras myersi Böhlke, 1970

ANSP 181045

P6205

t692

Peru

Amazon

KC555758

KC555632

KC555890

Leptodoras nelsoni Sabaj, 2005

IAvH-P (GUAYA18-P-16)

t8875