Tatia Miranda Ribeiro, 1911 is the most species-rich genus in Centromochlinae with 27 valid species of small to medium-sized auchenipterid catfishes that commonly are no more than 200 mm in standard length. Its representatives are widely distributed throughout most of the cis-Andean River basins in South America, i.e., the Orinoco, Amazon, São Francisco, and upper Paraná rivers, along with coastal rivers in the north of the continent between the mouths of the Orinoco and Amazon rivers (Sarmento-Soares, Martins-Pinheiro, 2020; Souza et al., 2020; Fricke et al., 2021).
The taxonomy of Tatia, as well as that of Auchenipteridae, has changed substantially over the past two decades as studies of phylogenetic relationships among the species of Centromochlinae have been addressed (e.g., Calegari et al., 2019; Sarmento-Soares, Martins-Pinheiro, 2020). According to Sarmento-Soares, Martins-Pinheiro (2020), Tatia is a monophyletic group of auchenipterid catfish that is diagnosed by three autapomorphic and two non-exclusive features: anterior basibranchial cartilage narrow; coracoid process small, shorter than the pectoral-fin base; inclinator anales muscle in mature males that allow anal fin rotational movement to a transverse position; slit-like urogenital opening in females (shared with several Auchenipteridae); and modified anal-fin rays in mature males with the third unbranched and first branched rays converging to a pointed tip (shared with Gelanoglanis nanonocticolus Soares-Porto, Walsh, Nico & Netto, 1999).
Four species of Tatia are currently known to inhabit the rio Tapajós basin: T. brunnea Mees, 1974, T. intermedia (Steindachner, 1877), T. meridionalis (Sarmento-Soares, Cabeceira, Carvalho, Zuanon & Akama, 2013), and T. nigra Sarmento-Soares & Martins-Pinheiro, 2008 (Sarmento-Soares et al., 2013; Silva-Oliveira et al., 2016; Sarmento-Soares, Martins-Pinheiro, 2020). Specimens of a previously unknown species of Tatia, which is described herein, were collected during recent ichthyofaunal surveys undertaken throughout the rio Tapajós.
Material and methods
Counts and measurements were taken from the left side of the specimens whenever possible, according to Sarmento-Soares, Martins-Pinheiro (2008). Standard length (SL) is expressed in mm and all other measurements are expressed as percentages of the SL, except for the subunits of the head, which are expressed as percentages of head length (HL). Straight-line measurements were taken with precision of 0.1 mm from digital photographs of specimens captured under a Zeiss Stemi 2000 stereomicroscope, using the software ZEN 2.6 (blue edition). Counts of fin rays were obtained from alcohol preserved and cleared and stained specimens.
Fin ray counts include anteriormost spine (capital Roman numeral) or unbranched ray (lower case Roman numeral) and all subsequent branched rays (Arabic numeral). The two posteriormost dorsal and anal-fin rays articulating with the last pterygiophore of each fin were counted as separate rays. Caudal-fin ray counts included all principal rays (i.e., all inner branched rays and the first unbranched ray of the dorsal and ventral lobes, also referred to as the outer principal rays).
Osteological preparations were cleared and stained (CS) for cartilage and bone using the method of Taylor, Van Dyke (1985). Osteological terminology follows Lundberg, Baskin (1969) and Sarmento-Soares, Martins-Pinheiro (2020). Vertebral, rib, and procurrent caudal-fin rays counts were taken from CS specimens. Vertebral counts follow Vari, Ferraris (2013), including the five elements incorporated into the Weberian complex as separated elements plus one terminal element associated with the hypural complex. Images of structural details were captured using a digital camera coupled in a stereomicroscope.
Institutional abbreviations follow Sabaj (2020). In the list of comparative material examined, the museum abbreviation and catalog number are followed by the total number of specimens in the lot, the range of the standard length, an indication of CS specimens, and abbreviated collection data.
Tatia luisae, new species
(Figs. 1–3; Tab. 1)
Holotype. UFOPA-I 1363, 25.4 mm SL, Brazil, Pará State, Itaituba, Pimental Community, rio Tapajós, 04°33ʼ22.3”S 56°17ʼ56.1”W, 11 Sep 2021, A. Conceição, M. Barbosa, D. Melo & J. Araújo.
Paratypes. Brazil, Pará State, Itaituba: INPA 59670, 20, 20.9–36.0 mm SL, Buburé Community, rio Tapajós, 04°36ʼ57.5”S 56°19ʼ29.9”W, 23 Nov 2021, A. Conceição, M. Lima, D. Melo & J. Araújo. MCP 54773, 20, 16.8–30.1 mm SL, Pimental Community, rio Tapajós, 04°33ʼ22.3”S 56°17ʼ56.1”W, 11 Sep 2021, A. Conceição, M. Barbosa, D. Melo & J. Araújo. INPA 59669, 20, 18.9–28.3 mm SL, Pimental Community, rio Tapajós, 04°33ʼ22.3”S 56°17ʼ56.1”W, 11 Sep 2021, A. Conceição, M. Barbosa, D. Melo & J. Araújo. UFOPA-I 1358, 77, 4 CS, 15.4–24.8 mm SL, Pimental Community, rio Tapajós, 04°33ʼ22.3”S 56°17ʼ56.1”W, 19 Nov 2020, C. Silva-Oliveira & M. Barbosa. UFOPA-I 1359, 1, 22.5 mm SL, Penedo Community, rio Tapajós, 05°31ʼ26.7”S 57°06ʼ18.2”W, 10 Sep 2021, A. Conceição, M. Barbosa, D. Melo & J. Araújo. UFOPA-I 1360, 23.3 mm SL, Buburé Community, rio Tapajós, 04°36ʼ57.5”S 56°19ʼ29.9ʼʼW, 9 Sep 2021, A. Conceição, M. Barbosa, D. Melo & J. Araújo. UFOPA-I 1361, 48, 3 CS, 15.7–33.1 mm SL, Pimental Community, rio Tapajós, 04°33ʼ22.3”S 56°17ʼ56.1”W, 11 Sep 2021, A. Conceição, M. Barbosa, D. Melo & J. Araújo. UFOPA-I 1362, 8, 22.5–43.3 mm SL, Buburé Community, rio Tapajós, 04°36ʼ57.5”S 56°19ʼ29.9”W, 23 Nov 2021, A. Conceição, M. Lima, D. Melo & J. Araújo.
Diagnosis. Tatia luisae differs from all species of Tatia and Centromochlus, except T. akroa Souza, Sarmento-Soares, Canto & Ribeiro, 2020 and T. britskii Sarmento-Soares & Birindelli, 2015, by the absence (vs. present) of adipose fin. Tatia luisae differs from T. akroa by the dorsal-fin spine length (16.4–24.3% SL, mean 19.6 vs. 12.3–17.3% SL, mean, 14.7), head depth (56.4–71.9% HL, mean 66.3 vs. 40.6–57.6% HL, mean 47.2), interorbital distance (34.7–45.0% HL, mean 4.0 vs. 46.1–57.9% HL, mean 50.2), and posterior internarial distance (22.1–30.2% HL, mean 25.7 vs. 30.0–38.2% HL, mean 33.3). Tatia luisae differs from T. britskii by the body depth (17.8–24.6% SL, mean 22.6 vs. 14.6–17.1% SL, mean 16.2), dorsal-fin spine length (16.3–24.3% SL, mean 19.7 vs. 13.3–15.6% SL, mean 14.3), head depth (56.4–71.9% HL, mean 66.3 vs. 46.3–52.7% HL, mean 49.5), anterior internarial distance (14.6–24.2% HL, mean 21.9 vs. 29.2–33.0% HL, mean 31.2), and posterior internarial distance (22.1–30.2% HL, mean 25.7 vs. 31.5–34.7% HL, mean 33.5). Tatia luisae further differs from T. aulopygia (Kner, 1857), T. altae (Fowler, 1945), T. brunnea, T. caudosignata DoNascimiento, Albornoz-Garzón & García-Melo, 2019, T. dunni (Fowler, 1945), T. ferrarisi (Birindelli, Sarmento-Soares & Lima, 2015), T. galaxias Mees, 1974, T. gyrina (Eigenmann & Allen, 1942), T. intermedia, T. jacaratia Pavanelli & Bifi, 2009, T. meesi Sarmento-Soares & Martins Pinheiro, 2008, T. meridionalis, T. neivai (Ihering, 1930), T. perugiae (Steindachner, 1882), T. punctata Mees, 1974, T. reticulata Mees, 1974 and T. strigata Soares-Porto, 1995 by dotted color pattern on sides of body (vs. mottled, spotted or reticulated on flanks). Differs from T. aulopygia, T. boemia Koch & Reis, 1996, T. brunnea, T. caxiuanensis Sarmento-Soares & Martins-Pinheiro, 2008, T. caudosignata, T. dunni, T. galaxias, T. gyrina, T. intermedia, T. jaracatia, T. meesi, T. neivai, T. nigra, and T. strigata by the absence (vs. presence) of anterior nuchal plate.
TABLE 1 | Morphometric data of Tatia luisae. Range includes the holotype. SD = Standard deviation.
Standard length (mm)
Percents of standard length
Caudal peduncle dept
Caudal peduncle length
Dorsal origin to pectoral origin
Dorsal origin to pelvic origin
Pectoral origin to pelvic origin
Dorsal-fin base length
Anal-fin base length
Dorsal-fin spine length
Pectoral-fin spine length
Humeral spine lenght
Longest pelvic fin ray
Maxillary barbel length
Outer mental barbel length
Inner mental barbel length
Percents of head length
Left internarial width
Anterior internarial distance
Posterior internarial distance
Description. Morphometric data in Tab. 1. Small size species, largest specimen examined 43.3 mm SL. Body elongate; depth of trunk proportionally greater than its width. Head slightly depressed anteriorly, progressively more elevated posteriorly. Profile of head longer than broad in dorsal view, slightly convex from snout tip to pectoral-fin insertion. In lateral view, dorsal profile of body from dorsal-fin base to caudal fin slightly to distinctly convex. Ventral profile of head and abdomen approximately straight. Greatest body width at postorbital region. Ventral profile of body gently concave between pelvic-fin base and caudal-fin origin. Greatest body depth at dorsal-fin origin. Trunk from pectoral-fin base to caudal peduncle gradually compressed. Lateral line extending onto caudal-fin base, midlateral, nearly straight, with superficial tubular ossicles directed posteroventrally. Head covered by integument thick, obscuring bones of cranial roof; adipose eyelid weakly developed. Snout short, less than half head length; anterior margin rounded. Eye on anterior half of head; laterally placed and oriented equally visible in dorsal and ventral view. Mouth wide, terminal. Posteriormost mouth corner extending slightly behind vertical through anterior orbital margin. Upper and lower lips thin, weakly developed; upper lip extended posterolaterally, fleshy rictal fold well developed; snout margin approximately rounded in dorsal view; anterior nostril tubular, anteriorly oriented, located on anterior border of snout; posterior nostril somewhat larger, rounded, anteriorly oriented, limited anteriorly by small skin flap; transverse distance between anterior nostrils slightly smaller than distance between posterior ones. Maxillary barbel elongate, reaching approximately vertical through middle of dorsal fin or slightly beyond; adpressed maxillary barbel fits in groove ventrally to orbit, from dorsal portion of rictal fold extending ventrolaterally to operculum; mental barbels short, tips not reaching pectoral-fin base; mental barbels inserted anterior to vertical through posterior margin of eyes. Inner mental barbel about two-thirds length of outer mental. Posterior process of cleithrum moderately long, reaching or extending slightly beyond vertical through origin of dorsal-fin spine. Coracoid process small, shorter than pectoral fin base.
FIGURE 1| Holotype of Tatia luisae in lateral, dorsal, and ventral views, UFOPA-I 1363, 25.4 mm SL, rio Tapajós, Municipality of Itaituba, Pará State, Brazil.
Dorsal fin II,5; originated slightly posterior to vertical through terminus of pectoral-fin base; spinelet triangular anteriorly, covered by thin layer of skin; dorsal-fin spine straight, strong, pungent, shorter than first branched ray, with filamentous tip; anterior margin of dorsal-fin spine with 13–16 denticulations, posterior margin with 2–5 serrations on distal portion (n = 20); first branched ray longest, subsequent rays decreasing gradually in length; last dorsal-fin ray approximately half length of first branched ray; distal margin of dorsal fin rounded.
Adipose fin absent. Pectoral fin I,5; pectoral spine, rigid, pungent; its anterior margin with 17–21 serrations; posterior margin with 10–16 serrations (n = 20); pectoral-fin spine denticulations becoming progressively more prominent distally. First branched ray longest, subsequent rays decreasing in length; posterior margin of pectoral fin obliquely truncate. Pelvic fin i,5; its origin at or slightly posterior to middle of body; second branched ray longest, subsequent rays decreasing in length; posterior pelvic-fin margin rounded. Anal fin iii–iv,6; its origin approximately on last third of standard length, posterior to vertical through tip of pelvic-fin rays; last ray unbranched and first branched rays longest; distal margin rounded. Caudal fin i,15,i; deeply forked; dorsal and ventral caudal-fin lobes equal in length; outer principal rays unbranched, seven branched rays on dorsal lobe and eight branched rays on ventral lobe; 12–14 upper procurrent, 12–14 lower procurrent rays (n = 4).
Anterior nuchal plate absent; anterior margin of middle nuchal plate sutured to parieto-supraoccipital. Middle nuchal plate wide, with deeply concave lateral margins; posterior nuchal plate short, projected laterally, with prominent tip (Fig. 2). Mesethmoid longer than broad, lateral margin concave; mesethmoid cornua slender distally. Nasal ossified as tubular bone situated between mesethmoid cornua and lateral ethmoid, free from mesethmoid. Lateral ethmoid not participating in dorsal face of cephalic shield. Anterior cranial fontanel narrow and elongate, located from mesethmoid to midpoint of medial margins of frontals; posterior fontanel absent. Maxilla slightly elongated. Jaws of equal sizes; premaxilla and dentary slender, each with four or five rows of robust conical teeth.
Hyomandibula broad, sutured to both quadrate and metapterygoid. Metapterygoid as wide lamina, joined to quadrate via suture (Fig. 3). Quadrate trapezoidal, with broad base, sutured to preopercle, hyomandibula and metapterygoid; long preopercle ventral margins sutured to both quadrate and hyomandibula; suprapreopercle present as long canal bone; preopercular canal exiting on anterior portion of pterotic. Opercle laminate, ornamented with shallow ridges, and broadly subtriangular (Fig. 3).
Infraorbital 1 with ventro-lateral process restricted to anterior border of eye, followed by canal-like bones, in incomplete infraorbital series. Lateral line approximately straight, inconspicuous, with ossified canal bones only anteriorly, unbranched and ending at caudal-fin base. Branchiostegal membrane broadly united to isthmus. Total vertebrae 33–34; ribs 7–10, becoming progressively smaller in size posteriorly.
Color in alcohol. Background color light brown to light cream, dorsally darker. Mid-dorsal and dorsolateral portions of body densely covered with dark chromatophores. Dorsolateral dots formed by both dermal and epidermal pigments. Dark coloration on body extending ventrally over lateral area above lateral midline, becoming sparse ventrally. Dark pigmentation on caudal peduncle extending along entire lateral area. Dorsal surface of head with dark pigmentation, except for broad unpigmented areas in postorbital region, over cranial fontanel, and at anterior margin of snout; cranial shield surface densely covered with dark chromatophores extending laterally to eyes and opercle. Lateral surface of head with scattered pigmentation on opercle and sometimes branchiostegal membrane. Maxillary barbel white to light yellow with scattered chromatophores on basal portion. Mental barbels white to light yellow, lacking dark pigmentation. Dorsal fin with dark spot in proximal region; remainder of fin unpigmented. Caudal-fin base with scattered dark chromatophores, becoming completely hyaline distally. Pectoral, pelvic, and anal fins completely hyaline (Fig. 1).
FIGURE 2| Neurocranium of Tatia luisae, UFOPA-I 1358, 23.5 mm SL, paratype. Dorsal view. Abbreviations: dfs, dorsal fin spine; epo, epiotic; epop, epiotic process; afo, anterior cranial fontanel; fro, frontal; io1, first infraorbital; let, lateral ethmoid; mes, mesethmoid; nas, nasal; np2, middle nuchal plate; np3, posterior nuchal plate; pmx, premaxilla; scl, posttemporo-supracleitrum; pet, pterotic; soc, parieto-supraoccipital; sph, sphenotic; spo, suprapreopercle.
Color in life. Ground color light gray to light cream, with dark chromatophores on head and dorsolateral region, more concentrated on mid-dorsal portion. Dorsolateral dots formed by both dermal and epidermal pigments. Dark coloration on body extending ventrally over lateral area above lateral line, becoming sparse ventrally on anterior and posterior positions of trunk; dark pigmentation on caudal peduncle extending along all lateral area. Dorsal surface of head densely pigmented, except postorbital region, over cranial fontanel, and at anterior margin of snout; dark chromatophores extending laterally to eyes and opercle. Lateral surface of head with scattered pigmentation on opercle and infraorbital portion. Maxillary barbel white with scattered chromatophores on basal portion. Mental barbels white, lacking dark pigmentation. Dorsal fin with dark spot in proximal region; remainder of fin unpigmented. Caudal-fin base with scattered dark chromatophores; completely hyaline distally. Pectoral, pelvic, and anal fins similar to preserved specimens (Fig. 4).
FIGURE 3| Lateral view of left suspensorium of Tatia luisae, UFOPA-I 1358, 23.5 mm SL, paratype. Abbreviations: dn, dentary; hy, hyomandibula; io, interopercle; mt, metapterygoid; op, opercle; po, preopercle; qu, quadrate; sb, subpreopercle; sp, suprapreopercle.
Sexual dimorphism. In one nuptial and five males with partially modified anal fin for insemination (Fig. 5). Proximal radials connected to each other in modified anal fin of adult males. All proximal radials closely together, not fused, sutures visible. Least unbranched and first branched anal-fin rays closely together to form a structure of support for the intromittent organ. Urogenital opening at base of anal fin as simple pore at the distal tip of a tubular structure bound by integument. Deferent duct externally visible as a genital papilla. Female and immature males have anal-fin proximal radials and rays separate and anal fin obliquely oriented, with distal tip rounded (Fig. 4). Female with slit-like urogenital opening.
FIGURE 4| Live specimen of Tatia luisae, UFOPA-I 1361, 25.3 mm SL, paratype.
Geographical distribution. Tatia luisae is currently known only from the middle rio Tapajós, upstream of the rapids of São Luiz do Tapajós, at Itaituba Municipality (Fig. 6).
Etymology. The specific epithet luisae is in honor to the Brazilian ichthyologist Luisa M. Sarmento-Soares, in recognition of her many contributions to the systematics of Neotropical catfishes of the subfamily Centromochlinae. A noun in the singular genitive case.
FIGURE 5| Male anal fin of Tatia luisae partially modified for insemination. UFOPA-I 1361, 26.8 mm SL, paratype. Right side in lateral view. Abbreviations: br1, first branched ray; br6, sixth branched ray; dd, deferent duct; ui, first unbranched ray; uii, second unbranched ray; uiii, third unbranched ray.
Ecological notes. Similar to many auchenipterids, Tatia luisae appears to be an active night feeder. Tatia luisae specimens were observed and collected during the night while they were swimming just below the water surface. Six dissected specimens (UFOPA-I 1358 and 1361) were found to have fed on insects, especially those that fall onto the water surface such as Ephemeroptera. The stretch where the specimens were collected is characterized by moderate to fast-flowing clear waters, substrate composed predominantly of sand and rocks, neutral waters (pH 7.2), water oxygenation >70%, and water surface temperature at around 32ºC. This stretch of the rio Tapajós has suffered substantial anthropogenic pressure in recent years, e.g., it has received a large volume of tailings from mining activities, mainly from the Crepori and Jamanxim rivers, which has drastically altered some of its water characteristics, especially its transparency.
FIGURE 6| Map indicating the known distribution of Tatia luisae in the rio Tapajós, Municipality of Itaituba, Pará State, Brazil. Red circle represents type locality.
Conservation status. Tatia luisae is known only from three localities corresponding to an Extent of Occurrence (EOO) of approximately 2,500 km2. However, individuals of T. luisae were abundant near the Pimental rapids and Buburé Community. Additionally, continuing population decline was not observed, as well as area of occupancy, quality of habitat, and number of locations or subpopulations. Therefore, T. luisae can be classified as Least Concern (LC) according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) categories and criteria (IUCN Standards and Petitions Committee, 2022).
Tatia luisae exhibits the five features proposed by Sarmento-Soares, Martins-Pinheiro (2020) that define the genus Tatia: narrow anterior basibranchial cartilage, a coracoid process that is shorter than the pectoral-fin base, a slit-like urogenital opening in females, inclinator anales that allow anal fin rotational movement to a transverse position, and modified anal-fin rays with the third unbranched and first branched rays converging to a pointed tip. The last two character-states are shared with other Centromochlinae species.
Tatia is classified in three clades that are informally named A, B, and C (Sarmento-Soares, Martins-Pinheiro, 2020). Tatia luisae shares with T. concolor, T. bockmanni, T. britskii, T. punctata, T. simplex, and T. marthae the single exclusive characteristic supporting the monophyly of clade C (i.e., the sixth and/or seventh branched anal-fin rays being rudimentary in mature males). Among these congeners, T. luisae shares with T. bockmanni, T. britskii, and T. simplex a dorsal-fin spine with small blunt serrations on the posterior margin. However, unlike these species, the lateral surface of the dorsal-fin spine of T. luisae has shallow ridges or grooves.
Along with Tatia akroa and T. britskii, T. luisae is the third member of the genera to lack an adipose fin. Additionally, T. simplex is recognized by an adipose fin that is extremely reduced in size (Souza et al., 2020). Although few studies have been conducted on the adipose fin, evidence suggests that it has multiple origins in teleost fishes (Stewart et al., 2014); thus, great effort and skill are required to determine its origin and evolutionary history. Understanding the function of the adipose fin is equally complex. For example, Temple, Reimchen (2008) found that the absence of the adipose fin was frequently associated with environments that did not flow, whereas species with adipose fins were more likely to inhabit fast-flowing waters. Although an adipose fin is typically present in most catfish species living in fast-flowing waters, including those from Auchenipteridae, this association is not strictly valid for Siluriformes (Silva-Junior et al., 2020). Tatia luisae was collected from a fast-flowing environment above the rapids of São Luís do Tapajós. Despite the absence of the adipose fin among centromochlins being poorly understood, in auchenipterins this absence has been interpreted as a derived character state (Calegari et al., 2019; Sarmento-Soares, Martins-Pinheiro, 2020).
Knowledge of the diversity of Tatia in the rio Tapajós basin is beginning to develop (see Sarmento-Soares, Martins-Pinheiro, 2008: fig. 6). Following the review of the genus by Sarmento-Soares, Martins-Pinheiro (2008), taxonomic studies with descriptions of new centromochlins have improved our knowledge of the diversity of the group in the basin; this is especially the case in the upper Tapajós river basin, where collection efforts have been increasingly concentrated over recent years (e.g., Sarmento-Soares et al., 2013; Calegari et al., 2014; Vari, Calegari, 2014). Our description of T. luisae contributes further to our understanding of the fish fauna of the rio Tapajós basin, where the new species is apparently exclusively found.
Comparative material examined. Centromochlus existimatus: Brazil.INPA 40662, 6, 46.5–59.0 mm SL, rio Xingu. Centromochlus heckelii: Brazil.MZUSP 8336, 2 CS, 53.4–62.0 mm SL, rio Tapajós. Centromochlus macracanthus: Brazil.MZUSP 30605, 2, paratypes, 65.7–71.8 mm SL, rio Negro. Centromochlus schultzi: Brazil. MNRJ 12139, 38, 1 CS, 85.0–108.9 mm SL, rio Tocantins. Centromochlus carolae: Guyana. ANSP 175836, 9, 22.3–30.5 mm SL; USNM 401511, 1, paratype, x-rayed, 31.9 mm SL, Cuyuni River. Centromochlus melanoleucus: Brazil. MZUSP 8535, 6, 1 CS, 46.9–76.5 mm SL, rio Tapajós; MZUSP 30585, 6, 1CS, 35.0–48.4 mm SL, rio Tapajós. Centromochlus musaicus: Venezuela. ANSP 160656, 1, 57.0 mm SL, Río Sipapo; MZUSP 9347, 1, 29.4 mm SL, rio Uraricoera. Centromochlus orca: Brazil. INPA 35086, 14, 1 CS, 40.5–56.8 mm SL, rio Nhamundá. Tatia akroa: Brazil. UFOPA-I 671, holotype, 38.4 mm SL. UFOPA-I 670, 1, paratype, CS, 34.26 mm SL, rio Tocantins. Tatia altae: Colombia. USNM 121965, 1, 35.5 mm SL, Río Orteguazo. Tatia bockmanni: Brazil. MZUSP 82351, 8, paratypes, 1 CS, 29.4–35.8 mm SL, rio Preto. Tatia britskii: Brazil. MZUSP 43251, 2, paratypes, 1 CS, 33.5–36.3 mm SL, rio Paraná. MNRJ 41787, 2, paratypes, 36.0–38.6 mm SL. Tatia concolor: Suriname. ZMA 106210, holotype, 33.4 mm SL, x-rayed, Coppename River; ZMA 106209, 2, paratypes, x-rayed, 29.0–30.6 mm SL, Coppename River. Tatia ferrarisi: Brazil. MNRJ 41924, 1, paratype, 57.6 mm SL; MZUSP 115352, 2, paratypes, 1 CS, 50.4–68.1 mm SL, rio Tocantins. Tatia marthae: Venezuela. ANSP 146201, holotype, x-rayed, 23.1 mm SL, Río Cusimi; ANSP 199070, 1, paratype, x-rayed, 19.0 mm SL, Río Cusimi. Tatia meridionalis: Brazil. INPA 37897, 2, paratypes, CS, 29.7–39.2 mm SL, rio Roquete; MNRJ 40702, 3, paratypes, 32.6–38.3 mm SL, rio Roquete. Tatia perugiae: Ecuador. ANSP 130611, 14, 30.1–45 mm SL, Río Aguarico. Tatia punctata: Brazil. MNRJ 9417, 2, 32.7–60.8 mm SL, rio Xingu; RMNH.PIS 26494, 2, paratypes, Rx, 33.3–43.2 mm SL, rio Paru. Tatia reticulata: Brazil. INPA 35394, 6, 18.3–28.8 mm SL, rio Purus. Colombia. ANSP 128797, 4, 30.7–34.2 mm SL, Río Meta. Tatia romani: Venezuela. MCNG 14896, 18, 29.0 mm SL, rio San Jose, Guanare. RMNH.PIS 30491, 3, x-rayed, paratypes, 27.1–31.3 mm SL, Monagas, Maturin. Tatia simplex: Brazil. INPA 18475, 1, 19.9 mm SL, rio Tocantins; MZUSP 44071, 2, 26.0–49.3 mm SL, 1 CS, rio Tocantins; MZUSP 44074, 1, 26.5 mm SL, rio Tocantins.
We thank Carlos Lucena, Lúcia R. Py-Daniel, and Renildo de Oliveira for curatorial assistance. The authors are grateful to Manoel Barbosa, Marcos Lima, David Melo, and Josué Araújo (UFOPA) for their help and assistance during field work. Support for this project was provided by the Instituto de Conservação Ambiental The Nature Conservancy do Brasil (Águas Tapajós Project, Cooperation BR FY20 104) and Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq, process 436763/2018-4). CSO is funded by the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecntológico (CNPq, process 317781/2021–9).
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 Instituto de Ciências e Tecnologia das Águas, Universidade Federal do Oeste do Pará, Rua Vera Paz, s/n, 68040-255 Santarém, PA, Brazil. (FRVR) email@example.com (corresponding author); (ALCC) firstname.lastname@example.org.
 Programa de Pós-Graduação em Sociedade, Natureza e Desenvolvimento, Universidade Federal do Oeste do Pará, Avenida Mendonça Furtado, 2946, 68040-470 Santarém, PA, Brazil. email@example.com.
Frank Raynner V. Ribeiro: Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Writing-original draft, Writing-review and editing.
Cárlison Silva-Oliveira: Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Writing-original draft, Writing-review and editing.
Alberto Conceição F. da Silva: Conceptualization, Data curation, Investigation, Methodology, Writing-original draft.
André L. Colares Canto: Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Software, Writing-original draft, Writing-review and editing.
The authors declare no competing interests.
How to cite this article
Ribeiro FRV, Silva-Oliveira C, Silva AC, Canto ALC. New species of driftwood catfish of Tatia (Siluriformes: Auchenipteridae) from rio Tapajós, Brazil. Neotrop Ichthyol. 2022; 20(2):e210164. https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-0224-2021-0164
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© 2022 The Authors.
Diversity and Distributions Published by SBI
Accepted March 25, 2022 by Marcelo Britto
Submitted December 1, 2021
Epub June 03, 2022